Servicing Policy Packages for the Mobility Sector
Publication Year: 2015
SPREE: Servicing Policy for Resource Efficient Economy is a three-year project from 2012-2015 under the European Union’s Environment Program (FP7). The objective of the project is to design policy packages to achieve sustainable production and consumption patterns characterized by the transition from the purchase of consumer products to services in three sectors: water, transportation and food agriculture. The main product of the project is “Policy Packages for Transition to Service Consumption” which will help achieve a complete separation between economic growth and environmental damage while taking into consideration social considerations.
The Servicing Policy Packages is the key outcome of the SPREE Project. The Servicing Policy Packages in the Mobility sector is based on the project’s accumulated knowledge on the transition towards servicing and contributes to the development of policies to promote decoupling of economic growth and social prosperity from inefficient use of resources, through the facilitation of Car and Bike-Sharing systems.
Car and Bike Sharing Systems
The Servicing system selected in SPREE project for the Mobility sector is the potential to move along the servicing continuum between vehicle ownership, through the currently available methods of sharing to passenger transport in particular city contexts. The empirical work has focused on moving away from private car ownership towards serviced vehicles mainly concentrating on Car and Bike Sharing. The Mobility case selected is considered as a Business-to-Consumer (B2C) type of servicing.
From interviews and focus group discussions it appears that there is a lack of clarity in the definitions of Car-Sharing practices and the business model of Car-Sharing is perceived to be complex. Probably as a result, there is a lack of trust of Car-Sharing services. While Bike-Sharing is perceived as an integral part of the public transport system, Car-Sharing is not. This lack of clarity about the position of Car-Sharing with the Mobility sector and the transport planning system is a limitation and a barrier for a move from owning to sharing. It is thus important to first define Car-Sharing as an integral part of the public transport system and to fully integrate Car-Sharing with bike sharing schemes.