Pub No. 448
Pub No. 461
Pub No. 476
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Publication Year: 2014
Jerusalem Facts and Trends is one of the Institute’s premier publications. It is an accessible guide through which anyone from a variety of fields can find useful information on Jerusalem. The publication analyzes the complex reality that is ‘modern Jerusalem’ and examines the area, the diverse populations that inhabit the city, sources of population growth, characteristics of the family unit, standard of living and well-being, employment, business and industry, education, construction, and tourism. The data used in the publication is largely drawn from the Institute’s Statistical Yearbook of Jerusalem, published annually.
Over the years, there has been a decline in the relative size of Jerusalem’s Jewish population, with a concomitant increase in the proportion of the Arab population. The proportion of the Jewish population fell from 74% in 1967 to 72% in 1980, to 68% in 2000, and to 63% in 2012. Simultaneously, the Arab population rose from 26% in 1967 to 28% in 1980, 32% in 2000, and 37% in 2012. As noted, the Arab population of Jerusalem numbered 300,200 residents, making this the largest Arab population in Israel. By way of comparison, other cities with relatively large Arab populations are: Nazareth (74,000), Umm al-Fahm (49,500), Shfaram (38,300) and Taibe (38,100). The relative size of the Arab population of Jerusalem (37%) is high compared to the proportion of the Arab population in Israel (21%), Haifa (11%) and Tel Aviv (4%).
Over the past five academic years (2009/10 – 2013/14), the number of students in Jerusalem’s education system increased by 13%, from 235,000 to 266,700. The number of students in the Hebrew JEA system (state and state-religious) grew by 7% (from 58,600 to 62,900), while the number in the ultra-orthodox sector grew by 6% (from 92,600 to 98,600). In the Arab sector official schools and recognized but unofficial schools, not including private, and the number of students rose by 34% (from 62,900 to 84,200).
Since 2009, there has been a steady increase in rental prices both in Jerusalem and in Israel. The rate of increase in 2009 for apartments of 3.5-4 rooms in Jerusalem was 21%, falling in subsequent years to between 1% and 6% per year. In 2013, the rental prices for apartments in Jerusalem rose by 4%, just lower than those for Israel (5%) and just higher than Tel Aviv (3%). The rise in average rents for large apartments of 4.5-5 rooms was higher, reaching 7% in 2013. However, in Israel and in Tel Aviv these price increases were even higher at 11% and 10%, respectively.